Skip to content

Immunization Requirements

 Vaccines  6 weeks to 2 months  4 months 6 months 12 months 18 months 4 to 6 years
 Dtap  x  x  x  x x
 Polio  x  x  x  x
 Hib  x  x  x  x
 Hep B  x  x  x
 Pneumococcal  x  x  x      x
 Rotavirus  x  x  x
 Hep A  x  x
 MMR  x  x
 Varicella  x  x

How Vaccines Work

Immunity from Disease: When a child gets sick with one of these diseases, her immune system produces immunity, which keeps her from getting the same disease again. But getting sick is unpleasant, and can be dangerous.

Immunity from Vaccines: Vaccines are made with the same bacteria or viruses that cause a disease, but they have been weakened or killed to make them safe. A child’s immune system responds to a vaccine the same way it would if the child had the disease. This means he will develop immunity without having to get sick first.

8 Diseases Prevented by Childhood Vaccines

DIPHTHERIA-Bacteria You can get it from contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms include a thick covering in the back of the throat that can make it hard to breathe. It can lead to breathing problems, heart failure, and death.

TETANUS (Lockjaw)- Bacteria You can get it from a cut or wound. It does not spread from person to person. Signs and symptoms include painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body, It can lead to stiffness of the jaw, so the victim can’t open his mouth or swallow. It leads to death in about 1 case out of 5.

PERTUSSIS (Whooping cough)-Bacteria You can get it from contact with an infected person.
Signs and symptoms include violent coughing spells that can make it hard for an infant to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for weeks. It can lead to pneumonia, seizures, (jerking and staring spells), brain damage, and death.

POLIO-Virus You can get it from close contact with an infected person. It enters the body through the mouth. Signs and symptoms can include a cold-like illness, or there may be no signs or symptoms at all. It can lead to paralysis (can’t move arm or leg), or death (by paralyzing breathing muscles).

HIB (Haemophilus influenzae type b)-Bacteria You can get it from contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms, There may be no signs or symptoms in mild cases. It can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord covering); pneumonia; infections of the blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart; brain damage; deafness; and death.

HEPATITIS B-Virus You can get it from contact with blood or body fluids of an infected person. Babies can get it at birth if the mother is infected, or through a cut or wound. Adults can get it from unprotected sex. sharing needles, or other exposurers to blood. Signs and symptoms include tiredness, diarrhea and vomiting, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), and pain in muscles, joints and stomach. It can lead to liver damage, liver cancer, and death.

PNEUMOCOCCAL-Bacteria You can get it from contact with an infected person. Signs and symptoms include fever, chills, cough, and chest pain. It can lead to meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings), blood infections, ear infections, pneumonia, deafness, brain damage, and death.

ROTOVIRUS-Virus You can get it from contact with other children who are infected. Signs and symptoms include severe diarrhea, vomiting and fever. It can lead to dehydration, hospitalizattion, and death.